India

India's search for uranium could displace 4,000 in 13 tribal villages of Madhya Pradesh

India’s appetite for uranium is growing rapidly. It has 22 nuclear power reactors that produce 3 per cent of its electricity, but the government wants to take this share to 25 per cent by 2050. As the villages are in a Fifth Schedule area, they are governed by a special administrative system, and any exploratory activity without the permission of all the concerned gram sabhas is illegal. In Meghalaya, uranium exploration in the 1990s caused massive damage to the flora and fauna

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Anti-Uranium activist Saiku Chaki murdered

Justice in India is fragile when it comes to the topic of anti-uranium protesting. Saiku Chaki, a senior activist and Ex UCIL-employee, was murdered in his home in the UCIL Turamidh colony. The police filed a case against 25 named and 300 unnamed persons for assembling at the police station when the body was taken there, but had to be pressured to register a First Information Report on the murder itself.

Indian organizations JMACC (Jharkhand Mines Area Coordination Committee) and JOSH (Jharkhandis Organisation for Struggling Humans) demand further inquiry into the case, claiming the UCIL Management is involved in the murder.

JMACC (Jharkhand Mines Area Coordination Committee) and JOSH (Jharkhandis Organisation for Struggling Humans) - See more at: http://www.indiaresists.com/demand-justice-for-anti-uranium-activist-saiku-chaki/#sthash.2IlvjKP4.dpuf
JMACC (Jharkhand Mines Area Coordination Committee) and JOSH (Jharkhandis Organisation for Struggling Humans) - See more at: http://www.indiaresists.com/demand-justice-for-anti-uranium-activist-saiku-chaki/#sthash.2IlvjKP4.dpuf

Uranium transport to Jadugoda stopped

According to "Anti Atom Indien", a uranium transport from Bagjata to Jadugoda in India has been stopped by a group of armed men at Mai 7th 2014. Since then, no more uranium was transported from the mine in Bagjata to the mill in Jadugoda.

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Analyze This: A Nightmare Called Jaduguda

jaduguda-hapless-children-Hindu

The Dark Underbelly of Uranium Mining in India, by Anuj Wankhede.

It is one of India’s best kept secrets. This is the story of genocide.

After over 50 years of Independence, there is another India which nobody talks about.

Why?

Because nobody knows or wants to know about Jaduguda.

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Illegal Public Hearing held on 5-3-2013 at 10-30 a.m. at Navagam (Nana) for Mithi Virdi Nuclear Power Plant in violation of Environmental Laws and the Constitution of India.

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Around 4,500 people of 28 villages boycotted Environment Public Hearing following breach of promise by Government officials

 

The Bhavnagar District Collector who chaired the Environment Public Hearing(EPH) for the 6,000 MW Nuclear Power Plant at Mithi Virdi to be set up by the ‘Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited’ and Mr A V Shah, the regional officer of the Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) made vital procedural lapses during the hearing.

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The truth behind India's nuclear renaissance (The Ecologist, 2011, en)

Jaitapur's French-built nuclear plant is a disaster in waiting,
jeopardising biodiversity and local livelihoods, says activist Praful Bidwai

by Praful Bidwai
The Ecologist
February 9, 2011

The global "nuclear renaissance" touted a decade ago has not materialised. The US's nuclear industry remains starved of new reactor orders since 1973, and western Europe's first reactor after Chernobyl (1986) is in serious trouble in Finland -- 42 months behind schedule, 90 per cent over budget, and in bitter litigation. But India is forging ahead to create an artificial nuclear renaissance by quadrupling its nuclear capacity by 2020 and then tripling it by 2030 by pumping billions into reactor imports from France, Russia and America, and further subsidising the domestic Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL).

The first victim of this will be an extraordinarily precious ecosystem in the Konkan region of the mountain range that runs along India's west coast. This is one of the world's biodiversity "hotspots" and home to 6,000 species of flowering plants, mammals, birds and amphibians, including 325 threatened ones. It is the source of two major rivers. Botanists say it's India's richest area for endemic plants. With its magical combination of virgin rainforests, mountains and sea, it puts Goa in the shade.

NPCIL is planning to install six 1,650-MW reactors here, at Jaitapur in Maharashtra's Ratnagiri district, based on the European Pressurised Reactor (EPR) design of the French company Areva -- the very same that's in trouble in Finland. The government has forcibly acquired 2,300 acres under a colonial law, ignoring protests. As construction begins, mountains will be flattened, trees uprooted, harbours razed, and a flourishing farming, horticultural and fisheries economy destroyed, jeopardising 40,000 people's survival.

To rationalise this ecocide, the government declared the area "barren". This is a horrendous lie, says India's best-known ecologist Madhav Gadgil, who heads the environment ministry's expert panel on its ecology. As I discovered during a visit to Jaitapur, there's hardly a patch of land that's not green with paddy, legumes, cashew, pineapple and coconut. So rich are its fisheries that they pay workers three times the statutory minimum wage, a rarity in India.

Jaitapur's villagers are literate. They know about Chernobyl, radiation, and the nuclear waste problem. They have seen films on injuries inflicted on villagers like them by Indian uranium mines and reactors -- including cancers, congenital deformities and involuntary abortions. They don't want the Jaitapur plant. Of the 2,275 families whose land was forcibly acquired, 95 per cent have refused to collect compensation, including one job per family. The offer provokes derision, as does Indo-French "co-operation". When Nicolas Sarkozy visited India to sell EPRs, Jaitapur saw the biggest demonstration against him.

The EPR safety design hasn't been approved by nuclear regulators anywhere. Finnish, British and French regulators have raised 3,000 safety issues including control, emergency-cooling and safe shutdown systems. A French government-appointed expert has recommended modifications to overcome the EPR's problems. Modifications will raise
its cost beyond €5.7bn. Its unit generation costs will be three times higher than those for wind or coal. India had a nightmarish experience with Enron, which built a white elephant power plant near Jaitapur, nearly bankrupting Maharashtra's electricity board.

Jaitapur's people are more concerned about being treated as sub-humans by the state, which has unleashed savage repression, including hundreds of arrests, illegal detentions and orders prohibiting peaceful assemblies. Eminent citizens keen to express solidarity with protesters were banned, including a former supreme court judge, the Communist party's secretary and a former Navy chief. Gadgil too was prevented. A former high court judge was detained illegally for five days. Worse, a Maharashtra minister recently threatened that "outsiders" who visit Jaitapur wouldn't be "allowed to come out" (alive).
This hasn't broken the people's resolve or resistance. They have launched their own forms of Gandhian non-cooperation and civil disobedience. Elected councillors from 10 villages have resigned. People boycotted a 18 January public hearing in Mumbai convened to clear "misconceptions" about nuclear power. They refused to hoist the national flag, as is traditionally done, on Republic Day (26 January). They have decided not to sell food to officials. When teachers were ordered to teach pupils about the safety of nuclear reactors, parents withdrew children from school for a week.

The peaceful campaign, with all its moral courage, hasn't moved the government. It accepted an extraordinarily sloppy environmental assessment report on Jaitapur, which doesn't consider biodiversity and nuclear safety, or even mention radioactive waste. It subverted the law on environment-related public hearings. It cleared the project six days before Sarkozy's visit.

Why the haste? India's nuclear establishment has persistently missed targets and delivered a fraction of the promised electricity -- under 3 per cent -- with dubious safety. It was in dire straits till it conducted nuclear explosions in 1998, which raised its status within India's national-chauvinist elite -- and its budget. The major powers have "normalised" India's nuclear weapons through special exceptions in global nuclear commerce rules. France used these to drive a bargain for cash-strapped Areva. Its counterpart is the disaster-in-waiting called Jaitapur.

[Praful Bidwai is a political analyst, an activist and a regular columnist for the Hindu.]

The NTH Factor - A megawatts-hungry India toys callously with nuclear danger (Outlook, 2011, en)

by Debarshi Dasgupta
Outlook (India)
March 28, 2011


Recent events in Japan have indeed shaken the faith of many who pray
at the altar of nuclear energy. In an article for a business daily,
even Shyam Saran, who was India’s top negotiator for the Indo-US
nuclear deal, has said the “nuclear renaissance” could be dead if
effective corrective measures are not taken up jointly by countries
like India, China and Japan, where growth in nuclear energy generation
is supposed to be among the highest. “The three countries should take
the lead to follow up on their initiatives (promised at a Washington
meet in 2010) and establish a collaborative effort to ensure the safe
and less risky development of nuclear power in the 21st century.” The
fate of nuclear renaissance, as Saran argued, may well now depend upon
the success of their efforts. ...

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German bank pulls out of Areva's huge Indian nuclear project (2011, en)

Date: 28.03.2011 09:17

"Among the nuclear power plants on the anvil is the one at Jaitapur,
coastal Maharashtra. It will house reactors from the French firm Areva
and shall have a combined capacity of 10,000 MW. But in 20 years, as
many as 92 quakes have been recorded here, with the severest of them
in 1993 measuring 6.2 on the Richter scale. The region is officially
seismically marked as Zone III -- Zone V being the worst category. And
despite the elevation of the site on a plateau, concerns about a
tsunami refuse to fade. It is perhaps keeping this in mind that
Commerzbank, the German bank backing the project, pulled out even
before the Japanese crisis, citing the “sustainability and
reputational risk” involved."